Tracking Total Spending on Tuberculosis By Source and Function in 135 Low-Income and Middle-Income Countries, 2000–17: A Financial Modelling Study

Despite substantial increases since 2000, funding for tuberculosis is still far short of global financing targets and out-of-pocket spending remains high in resource-constrained countries, posing a barrier to patients’ access to care and treatment adherence. Of the 30 countries with a high burden of tuberculosis, just over half were primarily funded by government, while others, especially lower-middle-income and low-income countries, were still primarily dependent on development assistance for tuberculosis or out-of-pocket health spending.

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